Subject Index

Subject Index

Subject Index Of The New Urban Agenda

This subject index contains key concepts from the New Urban Agenda and their corresponding paragraph numbers

A

academia. See also community, scientific and academic;

institutions, academic; research; science

and cooperation with local government associations

on capacity development, 149

and inputs to the report on the implementation of the

New Urban Agenda, 167

and work in shaping organizational and institutional

governance processes, 148

access. See also accessibility

for youth to education, 61

to a wide range of affordable, sustainable housing

options, 107

to different multilateral funds, 143

to economic and productive resources and

opportunities, 14(b), 56, 57, 59, 70

to energy, 121

to infrastructure and basic services for all, 14(a), 85

to products and services, 114(d)

to public participation, 14(a)

to public property and land, 138

to public services and clean environment, 55

to quality basic services and public spaces for all, 99

to resources for urban development, 132

to risk transfer mechanisms, 139

to science, technology and innovation, 126

to sustainable, affordable, adequate, resilient and safe

housing, 95, 109. See also adequate housing

to sustainable waste management systems, 122

to the physical environment of cities for persons with

disabilities, 36

to urban and mobility and land and sea transport

systems for all, 114

to urban metropolitan services, 156

to water, public goods and services, 13(a)

to water, sanitation and hygiene, 119, 120

accessibility. See also access

and housing, 111

of urban mobility and transport 115, 118

of urban space, 25

accountability. See also transparency

and anti-corruption measures, 138

contractual relationships between local governments

and transport and mobility service providers, 116

in expenditure control instruments of subnational and

local governments, 138

in institutions that deal with land registration and

governance, 104

mechanisms, 91

of finance mechanisms, 86

of partnerships, 126, 141

of stakeholders and definition and implementation of

urban policies and legislation, 15(b)

of UN-Habitat, 172

to citizens and transparency, 161

accounting

capacity development of subnational and local

governments in, 151

digitalization of accounting processes and records, 151

actors, 9, 141, 144, 146

non-governmental, 103. See also civil society;

community/ies

non-State, 160

adaptation. See also mitigation

and cultural heritage, 125

ecosystem-based, 80

planning process, 80

plans, policies, programmes and actions, 80, 143

to climate change, 13(g), 63, 79, 101, 143

Adaptation Fund, 143

Addis Ababa Action Agenda, 6, 150

means of implementation, 127

adequate housing. See also affordable housing; housing

access to, 14(a), 95, 109

and regulations in the housing sector, 111

provision of, 32

right to, 13(a), 31, 105

supply of, 33

administration (administrative)

and land, 156

boundaries, 13(e)

capacity, 151

frameworks and procedures, 153

scales of political administration, 88

structures, 91

systems, 35

tasks, 96

advocacy

and awareness-raising activities, 169

of youth to advocate on behalf of themselves and

their communities, 61

affordability (affordable). See also affordable housing

access to sustainable physical and social

infrastructure for all, 34

cities and human settlements, 11

land and sea transport systems, 114

of basic physical and social infrastructure, 34, 54

of drinking water and sanitation, 13(a), 119, 120

of food losses reduction, 123

of housing finance, 46, 140

of infrastructure for public transport, 114(a)

of modern and renewable energy, 34, 54, 75, 121

of serviced land, 34, 114

of urban mobility, 114

affordable housing. See also adequate housing; housing

access to, 34, 95, 107, 109

and housing finance, 46, 140

and social habitat production, 46

investment in, 140

public resources for, 106

provision of, 14(a), 32, 99

supply of, 33

African countries, 19

age/ageing. See also children and youth; older persons

ageing factor as an opportunity, 62

and data collection, 104, 157, 159

age-responsive. See also age

budgeting, 151

housing policies, 32

integrated approaches to urban development, 15(c),

26, 92, 101

land tenure, 35

resilience policies and plans, 77, 101

stakeholders’ dialogue, 42

urban mobility and transport, 13(f), 114

agglomeration. See also compactness

benefits of, 14(b), 44

economies of, 51, 98

agriculture

policies, 123

urban agriculture and farming, 95

AIDS, 14(a). See also HIV/AIDS

air

and short-lived climate pollutants, 71

pollution, 54, 64, 65, 119

quality, 13(a), 55, 67

transport, 118

anti-corruption measures. See also accountability;

transparency

in financial planning and management of subnational

and local governments, 151

preventive, 138

areas. See also coastal areas; peri-urban areas; rural

areas; urban areas

affected by urban violence, 99

built-up, 98

central and consolidated areas of cities, 106

environmentally sensitive, 68

functional, 32, 47, 88

metropolitan, 116

multifunctional areas for social interaction and

inclusion, 37

risk-prone, 77

waterfront, 37

arts, 38. See also culture

performing, 60

assets, 59, 144

associations

cultural, 48

migrant, 48

of subnational and local governments, 148, 149,

163, 169

authorities. See local authorities

awareness. See also advocacy

on the implementation of the New Urban Agenda, 169

on road safety, 113

public awareness of risks, 78

B

balances

checks and balances, 15(c)(ii)

bank/s. See also finance; financial institutions

development, 139

microfinance, 140

regional development, 82, 140, 142

barriers (physical), 34. See also accessibility

basic services

access to, 14(a), 99, 109

challenge of, 2

environmentally sound, 65

guidelines, 85

local level, 70

management of, 91

provision of, 25, 29, 70

Beijing Platform for Action, 6. See also gender; gender-

responsive; women; women and girls

best practices, 81, 137, 154, 173

biodiversity, 13(h), 14(c), 63

borders

administrative, 88, 90

cross-border synergies and interactions of urban and

rural areas, 96

borrowing

municipal, 139

boundaries

administrative, 13(e)

urban, 63

boys, 61. See also age; children and youth; youth

budget/budgeting

execution, 138

capacity development on, 151

participation on, 92

“build back better”, 78

building/s. See also building codes; construction; housing

commercial, 121

design, 44, 101

energy efficient, 75, 121

high quality, 97

industrial, 121

investments in, 144

public, 121

residential, 121

resilience-based and climate-effective

design of, 79, 101

resilient/resilience, 14(c), 76, 78, 111

building codes, 111, 121, 124

business, 133. See also enterprise/s; investment/s; private

investment/s; private sector

and local communities, 58

enabling environment, 45, 53, 58

responsible, 58

by-laws

on land-use, 111

C

cadastres, 104, 134. See also censuses; local data

capacity development. See also training

among all levels of government, 81

and local government associations as promoters and

providers of, 149

as a means of the New Urban Agenda

implementation, 15(c), 126

for stakeholders and institutions, 147

for water and sanitation utilities, 120

on financial planning and management for sub-

national and local governments, 151

on governance processes for persons in vulnerable

situation, 155

on information and communications technologies and

digital governance, 156

on legal land-based revenue and financing tools, 152

UN-Habitat capacity development provision, 129

capital

cost of, 139

formation, 46

charters

political declarations and charters, 11

Charter of the United Nations, 12, 84

chemicals

hazardous chemicals, 71, 123

child. See also children and youth

and healthy journey to school, 113

marriage, 39

newborn child mortality, 55

children. See child; children and youth

children and youth. See also age; age-responsive; boys;

girls

and access to information and communication

technologies, 156

and decision-making, 148

and discrimination, 20

and governance processes, 155

and revenue collection, 134

and road safety, 113


and service provision, 34

and stakeholders’ dialogue interfaces, 42

and violence, 39

censuses, 159. See also data

centres

urban, 64, 136

city/ies. See also cities and human settlements; towns;

urban areas; villages

and adequate infrastructure, 106

and climate change, 63

and cultural diversity, 10

and demographic trends, 63

and food security and nutrition systems, 95

and movement of populations, 28

and their surroundings, peri-urban and rural areas, 50

central and consolidated areas of, 106

challenges of, 28

city-level, 80

city-region, 96

city-to-city cooperation, 146

coastal cities, 114(c). See also coastal areas

for all, 11, 16

host cities, 28

liveable, 67, 114(d)

of all sizes, 16

physical environment of, 36

positive contribution of migrants to, 28

resilience to disasters and climate change, 67

right to the city, 11

smart-city, 66

small and intermediate, 95

World Cities Day, 169

cities and human settlements. See also city/ies; peri-urban

areas; rural areas; slums and informal settlements; urban areas

a global people-based definition of, 158

and access for persons with disabilities, 36

and building integrated systems of, 15(c)(i), 49

and climate change, 79

and culture and respect for diversity and equality, 26, 40

and disaster risk reduction, 144

and economic exclusion and spatial segregation, 2

and employment, 56, 57

and energy costs, 54

and equal opportunities, 43

and rights, 12

and equal use and enjoyment of, 11

and key role as drivers of sustainable development, 22

and land, 69

and mobility, 114

and natural and cultural heritage, 38

and natural resources, 65

and production and consumption patterns, 63

and productivity, 61

and promotion of institutional, political, legal and

financial mechanisms, 41

and readdressing the way we plan, finance, develop,

govern and manage, 5, 15(a)

and resilience, 77

inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, 9

just, safe, healthy, accessible, affordable, resilient and

sustainable, 11

safe, healthy, inclusive and secure environment in, 39

citizens. See also civil society; community/ies; inhabitants

accountability to, 161

and culture/cultural diversity, 10

mobilize and generate support from, 169

citizenship (civic/civil), 38

civic responsibility, 156

civil/civic engagement, 13(b), 41

civil society, 1. See also General Assembly of Partners;

partnerships; stakeholders

and mobilization and support to the implementation of

the New Urban Agenda, 169

and partnerships with all levels of governments, 91,

92, 126, 148, 149

and resilient urban services during armed conflicts, 30

and the report on the implementation of the New

Urban Agenda, 167

and urban economic development, 48

contributions of, 15(b)

climate, 144. See also climate change; environment

pollutants, 71

resilient infrastructure, 119

vulnerability, 80

local climate action, 79

climate change, 10, 63, 79. See also climate; environment;

global average temperature

and disaster risk reduction and management, 13(g),

14 (c), 101

and resilience, 67

and resources, 143

and role and expertise of UN-Habitat, 165

and sustainable consumption and production

patterns, 10

and transport, 115

communities and countries vulnerable to, 29, 64

Climate Investment Funds, 143

coastal (areas/cities). See also delta; land-sea; oceans; sea

and mobility and transport, 114(c)

and sea level rise, 64

and their ecological and social function, 69

and waste management, 74

as ecosystems’ providers of resources, 68

management policies and culture, 124

codes

of buildings, 111, 121, 124

of energy infrastructure, 121

coexistence. See society/ies

commerce, 95, 100

communications. See information and communications

technology/ies

community/ies, 1

and advocacy, 61

and crisis affected persons, 29

and cultural heritage, 125

and employment and livelihoods, 57

and housing and land policies, 107

and housing policies, 31

and infrastructure and service provision, 34

and investment generation, 29

and partnerships with all levels of governments, 91

and service delivery, 99

and stakeholders dialogue interface, 42

and urban and territorial planning, 72

and urban safety, 103

and vulnerability and risk reduction, 77

community-based monitoring processes, 159

community-collected data, 157

energy plans, 121

empowerment of, 26

land trusts, 107

local business communities’ challenges, 58

local communities’ discrimination, 20

marginalized, 33

not-for-profit communities initiatives, 100

scientific and academic, 1. See also academia

compactness. See also density

and land use, 69

and urban extensions, 51, 69, 98

and urban planning and design, 51, 98

to prevent urban sprawl, 69

competitiveness (of urban economies), 14(b), 56

competitive advantages (of urban economies), 45

concrete, 76. See also materials

conflict/s, 78

armed, 30

countries in situation of, 19

post-conflict countries, 19

prevention and mediation, 109

congestion (of traffic), 54, 118

connectivity, 37, 54, 98, 114(c), 118. See also mobility

territorial, 50

conservation

of ecosystem, 71

of endemic species, 67

of energy, 75

of heritage, 60

of water resources, 73

construction. See also building/s

climate-effective design of, 101

materials, 76

modes, 75

resilience-based, 101

consumers, 123

consumption, 137. See also consumption and production

patterns of land

consumption and production patterns

and change to sustainable patterns, 13(h)

and climate change, 10

and energy, 14(c), 75

and land, 69

and urban agriculture and farming, 95

and urban economy, 45

unsustainable, 63

contingency procedure, 101. See also risk

cooperation

across sectors, 101

agencies, 140, 142

among all levels of government and stakeholders,

15(c)(i), 21, 47, 87, 92

among different scales of cities and human

settlements, 95

enhanced cooperation and knowledge exchange, 150

inter-municipal, 96, 149

international, 28, 81, 126

North-South, South-South and triangular regional and

international, 146

subnational, decentralized and city-to-city, 146

cooperatives. See also enterprise/s

and affordable housing, 140

support to, 58

co-provision and co-production, 41

cost/s

efficiency and the urban form, 44

of inefficient mobility, 54

reduction of energy supply costs, 54, 75

reduction of service delivery costs per capita, 98

countries, 17,132, 145, 166. See also developed

countries; developing countries; least developed countries; middle-income countries

and territories under foreign occupation, 19

in situations of conflict, 19

countries’ national legislations, 90

post-conflict, 19

creativity, 133. See also innovation

creditworthiness (local), 139

crime

and public spaces, 100

prevention of, 103

crises

humanitarian, 29

cultural heritage. See also culture/s

and endogenous potential of, 45

and leveraging of, 38, 125

and urban plans and strategies, 124

intangible, 124, 125

preserving, 97

promotion and dissemination of, 125

tangible, 124, 125

culture/s. See also cultural heritage; diversity

access to, 34

and infrastructure, 38, 119

and integration of marginalized communities, 33

and new sustainable consumption and production

patterns, 10

as a component of urban plans and strategies, 124

associations (cultural), 48

contributions of, 28

development (cultural), 4

dimensions, 111

diversity, 10, 37

expressions (cultural), 13(b), 37

factors, 103

indigenous, 38

industries (cultural), 60

interactions (cultural), 2

intercultural, 40

multicultural, 40

promotion of, 26

role in development, 10

cycling. See also mobility; public spaces

and health, 100

and public transport, 114(a)

infrastructure, 118

lanes, 37

mobility, 113

D

data. See also information and communications

technology/ies

accessible data solutions, 92

analysis, 157, 159

and land-use policies, 104

and statistical capacities, 158

collection, 158, 159

data-informed disaster risk reduction, 77

local, 158, 159

management, 116

on spending, 136

open, 158, 168

platforms, 160

reliable disaggregated, 104, 111, 157

sources, 158

debt

management, 90

municipal debt market, 139

sustainability of, 143

decentralization, 89, 130. See also municipal finance;

municipal level; principle of subsidiarity; subnational and local governments

International Guidelines on Decentralization and

Strengthening of Local Authorities, 85

decision-makers (decision-making). See also policy makers

effective participation in decision-making, 155

government’s empowerment as, 89

women and girls participation in decision-making, 13(c)

degradation

environmental, 3

delta/s (of rivers). See also coastal areas; land-sea;

oceans; sea

regions, 64

urban, 68

demographic dividend, 61

density/ies. See also compactness; connectivity; sprawl

adequate, 69

and connectivity, 98

and economies of scale and agglomeration, 98

and land use, 69

and urban planning and design, 51, 52

to prevent urban sprawl, 69

developed countries, 25

developing countries

and financial support, 142

and means of implementation, 126

and poverty, 25

and road safety, 113

and unilateral economic, financial or trade measures, 84

and urban centres, 64

and urban development challenges, 19

development. See also economic development; integrated

urban and territorial development; territorial

development; urban development

banks, 82

equitable regional, 49

human, 37

industrial development and sustainable consumption

and production, 45

integrated development strategies, 86, 105

international migration and, 28

mixed-income, 106

of adequate and enforceable regulations, 111

of capacity, 15(c), 126, 129,

of clear, transparent and accountable contractual

relationships, 116

of disaster risk reduction strategies, 65

of housing policies, 108

of housing policies and approaches, 32

of infrastructure, 77, 96

of policies concerning public security and crime, 103

of sustainable and resilient buildings, 76

of urban spatial frameworks, 51

partners, 82

permits, 111

policies, 25, 103, 107, 124

skills development and employment, 61

spatial, 52, 72, 81, 92

sustainable, 15(a), 22, 127, 128

transit-oriented, 114(b)

urban and rural, 26, 82

design

and natural resources and land, 51

and social cohesion, 25

and training, 102

and urban and territorial planning, 15(c)(iii)

and urban extensions, 52

building, 44

climate-effective, 101

compact, 52

dialogue

across levels of government and functional areas and

relevant stakeholders, 47

among subnational and local governments and

stakeholders, 42

and public space, 37

for stakeholders engagement in governance

processes, 155

intercultural dialogue, 40

digitalization. See also technology

and smart-city, 66

of accounting processes and records, 151

dignity, 40

disability

and data disaggregation, 104, 157, 159

disaster/s. See also disaster risk reduction

and resilience, 67

and vulnerable communities, 29

natural and human-made, 19, 63, 78

post-disaster recovery, 78

solutions to disaster risk, 144

vulnerable to, 29, 64

water related, 119

disaster risk reduction, 13(g), 14(c). See also Sendai

Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

and age- and gender-responsive planning processes, 101

and data, 77

and management of natural resources, 65

and the role and expertise of UN-Habitat, 165

discrimination. See also harassment; violence

addressing all forms of, 20, 26

and access to sustainable basic physical and social

infrastructure, 34

and dialogue opportunities from subnational and

local governments, 42

and gender equality, 13(c)

and right to adequate housing, 13(a), 31

and safety, 14(a)

non-discrimination principle, 11, 89, 126, 155

disease/s. See also health

prevention of non-communicable, 113

vector-borne, 64

displacement, 107, 111, 114(b). See also evictions

dissemination. See also awareness

of data, 157, 159

of knowledge, 125

diversification

of the economy, 60

diversity

and housing, 99

and social cohesion, 40

cultural, 10, 14(a)

of people and cultures, 37

of seeds, 123

respect for, 26

drainage, 119

drought/s. See also climate change; disasters; hazard/s;

water; weather

risks, 67

vulnerability to, 64

dwellers. See slum and informal settlement dwellers

E

earthquake/s. See also disaster; hazard/s

vulnerability to, 64

economic growth

and employment, 43, 62

and smart-city, 66

and social inclusion, 15(c)(ii)

and urban freight planning, 114(d)

and urban form, 44

and urbanization, 4, 13(d), 43, 44

promotion of, 5

sustainable, 44, 66

sustained and inclusive, 4

sustained, inclusive and sustainable, 5, 13(d),

15 (c)(ii), 43, 62

Economic and Social Council, 168

economic development, 48, 65

local, 47

economy, 115. See also urban economy

circular, 71

competitive, 94

formal, 13(d), 59

global, 63

informal, 13(d), 59

of scale and agglomeration, 44

solidarity, 58

urban, 14(b), 40, 44, 56

ecosystem/s, 13(h), 63. See also environment; nature

and clean energy, 14(c)

and land, 69

and management of resources, 65, 71

and resilience, 77, 80

and urban deltas, 68

education, 2, 13, 14(a). See also knowledge; learning

and access to physical and social infrastructure, 34

and economic productivity, 56

and housing policies, 32, 108

and persons with disabilities, 36

and youth, 61

efficiency

of e-governance and information and communication

technologies, 156, 160

of energy, 44, 75, 121

of mobility, 118

of resources, 13(d), 51, 75, 76, 111

of UN-Habitat, 172

emissions. See also greenhouse gas emissions

black carbon, 75

employment. See also job; work

and housing policies, 32, 46, 108

and youth, 61

full and productive, 14(b), 43, 56, 57

empowerment of women, 5, 35. See also gender; women;

women and girls

energy

affordable, 54, 75

and food policies, 123

and proximity of resources, 70

and quality services, 13(a)

and sectoral policies coherence, 88

and sustainable management of resources, 71

and waste conversion, 74

clean, 14(c), 66

efficiency, 44, 111, 121

efficiency labelling, 121

modern, 34, 121

reliable, 121

renewable, 34, 44, 54, 75, 121

engagement. See citizenship (civic/civil); civil society;

partnerships; stakeholders

enterprise/s. See also business; private sector

local level, 58

micro-, small and medium-sized, 58

support to, 58

entrepreneurship, 40, 58. See also business; innovation

environment, 39. See also climate change; environmental

sustainability; Global Environment Facility; nature; Rio

Declaration on Environment and Development

and integrated planning, 94

and land tenure, 35

and sectorial policies, 88

and the implementation of the New Urban Agenda,

126, 130

and transport, 115

and urban freight planning and logistics, 114(d)

clean, 55

for businesses, 45, 58

physical environment of cities (access for persons

with disabilities), 36

protection of, 5

environmental sustainability, 14 (c), 50, 51, 58, 71. See

also climate change; environment

epidemics, 14(a). See also health

equality

and legal and policy frameworks, 89

and partnerships, 126

and respect for diversity, 26

and spatial organization, 25

gender, 5, 13(c), 40

equal rights and opportunities, 12, 14(a), 43

ethnicity, 42, 104, 157, 159. See also race

evacuation procedures, 101. See also risk

evaluation

of policy and planning processes, 92

of public policies for sustainable urban development, 147

of urban and metropolitan transport schemes, 115

of urban planning, 94

evictions. See also displacements

arbitrary forced evictions, 31, 107, 111

exclusion. See also discrimination; segregation

preventing, 108

social and economic, 3

expenditure/s

of subnational and local governments, 135, 138

expertise, 157

of UN-Habitat, 165

extension. See urban extension

extremism, 103. See also terrorism

F

facilities

education and health, 36, 56

public, 101, 36

recycling, 76

social, 55

family/ies. See also children and youth; gender

friendly for, 13(b)

planning, 34


farmer/s

small-scale, 95

smallholder, 20

farming, 95. See also agriculture; farmer/s

female genital mutilation, 39. See also gender; girls; women

and girls

finance, 15(a). See also bank/s; financial institutions;

financing

development, 140, 142

housing, 46, 140

infrastructure, 143

international public, 145

land-based, 137

mechanisms, 86

municipal, 15(c)(iv)

financial institutions. See also bank/s; finance; financing

catalytic financial instruments, 143

conditions for urban development, 132

cost of inefficient mobility, 54

distribution of financial resources, 136

financial or trade measures, 84

instruments, 143

intermediaries, 139

international system, 133

local, 143

management capacities, 131

means of implementation, 130

mechanisms, 41

multilateral, 82, 140, 142

partnerships, 153

planning and management, 151

resources, 109, 126

systems, 104

transfers, 135

financing

frameworks, 15(c)(iv), 130

instruments, 118

models, 107

of urban waste management systems, 122

pooled financing mechanisms, 139

reliable financing mechanisms, 90

tools, 152

urban, 139

urbanization, 131, 139

fiscal decentralization, 130

fiscal policies, 137

fiscal sustainability, 143

fiscal systems, 15(iv), 137

flood/flooding, 64, 67. See also disaster

follow-up and review of the New Urban Agenda

and data collection, 158

and linkages with the follow-up and review of the

2030 Agenda, 164, 168

and local governments, 163, 169

and the role of UN-Habitat, 171

periodic, 161

voluntary, country-led, open, inclusive, multilevel,

participatory and transparent, 162

food, 34, 70, 71. See also farmer/s; food security

marketing of, 123

policies, 123

system planning, 51

waste and losses, 123

food security, 2, 13(a), 14(a). See also farmer/s; food

and agriculture policies, 123

and public spaces, 67

and urban deltas, 68

and urban and territorial planning strategies, 88,

95, 123

foreign direct investment, 133

forests, 71. See also ecosystem/s; environment

forum. See high-level political forum; World Urban Forum

freedoms, fundamental, 12, 26

freight, 13(f), 114(d)

funds

adaptation fund, 143

Climate Investment Fund, 143

Green Climate Fund, 143

regional, national, subnational and local development

funds, 139

transport infrastructure and service funds, 141

G

gardens, 37. See also parks; public spaces

gender. See also empowerment of women; gender-

responsive; women; women and girls

equality, 5, 13(c), 40

gender-based violence, 100

gender-responsive. See also gender; women; women and

girls

budgeting, 151

housing policies, 32

integrated approaches to urban development, 15(c),

26, 92, 101

land tenure, 35

resilience policies and plans, 77, 101

stakeholders’ dialogue, 42

urban mobility and transport, 13(f), 114

General Assembly. See United Nations, General Assembly; General Assembly of Partners, 128

gentrification, 97. See also displacement

geospatial information, 156, 160

girls, 61. See also children and youth; women and girls;

youth

global (level). See also global, regional, national, subnational and local levels

and follow-up to and review of the New Urban

Agenda, 161

and migration, 28

and partnerships, 149

average temperature, 79

commitments to sustainable urban development, 9

economy, 63

implementation at the, 16, 17, 126

people-based definition of cities and human

settlements, 158

value chains and markets, 95

global, regional, national, subnational and local levels

actions and coordination, 9, 16

and means of implementation, 126

and migration, 28

global average temperature. See also climate change

above pre-industrial levels, 79

Global Environment Facility, 143

Global Land Tool Network, 128

Goal 11. See Sustainable Development Goals

goods. See also freight

and mobility, 13(f)

local provision of, 70

public, 13(a)

governance, 104, 147. See also governments; policy/ies

citizen-centric digital governance tools, 156

e-governance, 160

evidence-based, 159

metropolitan, 90

multilevel, 90

processes, 148, 155

structure of UN-Habitat, 172(b)

tools, 156

urban, 15(c)(ii)

governments. See also local governments; national

governments; national, subnational and local

governments; subnational and local governments

and capacity development, 81

and implementation of national urban policies, 89

and partnerships, 92, 126

and resilient urban services during armed conflicts, 30

e-government, 156. See also governance

green areas. See gardens; parks; public spaces

Green Climate Fund, 143

greenhouse gas, 65, 71, 75, 79, 101. See also climate

change; emissions

growth. See also economic growth

and job creation, 133

equitable among regions across the urban-rural

continuum, 96

inclusive, 133

guidelines

air quality, 55

International Guidelines on Access to Basic Services

for All, 85

International Guidelines on Decentralization and

Strengthening of Local Authorities, 85

International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial

Planning, 93

planning guidelines for multi-stakeholder

partnerships, 153

zoning, 124

H

habitat/s. See also UN-Habitat

natural, 13(h)

social production of, 31, 46

Habitat I. See United Nations Conferences on Human

Settlements

Habitat II. See United Nations Conferences on Human

Settlements

Habitat III, 1, 174

legacy of, 128

Habitat IV, 174

harassment. See also gender; violence

against women, 13(c)

sexual, 100

hazard/s, 78, 122

chemicals, 71, 123

effects of, 77

natural and human-made, 13(g), 64, 65

health, 2, 5, 13(a), 14(a), 88. See also disease/s;

health care; well-being

and adequate service provision, 119

and food policies, 123

and housing, 108, 111

and journey to school, 113

and public spaces, 37

and transport and transit systems, 118

and promotion of walkability and cycling, 100

facilities, 36

mental, 67

physical and mental, 67

public, 54, 75, 115

health care, 34. See also health

health-care sector, 32

(sexual and reproductive) health-care services, 55

heat. See also weather

island, 54

waves, 64, 67

heritage. See also cultural heritage

conservation of, 60

natural, 38

high-level political forum, 168

HIV/AIDS, 20. See also AIDS

homeless persons/people. See also homelessness;

evictions; communities, marginalized

and the right to adequate housing for all, 31

and discrimination, 20

living conditions of, 33

socioeconomic and cultural integration of, 33

homelessness, 111. See also evictions

criminalization of, 33, 108

households, 67, 77, 134, 139, 159

housing, 2, 36, 119. See also affordable housing, housing

policies

accessible, 32, 33

affordable, 14(a), 34, 99, 109

analysis of housing supply and demand, 111

co-housing, 107

finance, 46, 140

housing-first programmes, 108

incremental, 107, 140

mass housing development, 112

mixed-income housing, 114(b)

price records, 104

right to adequate housing,13(a), 31, 105

schemes, 112

stock, 77

sustainable, affordable, adequate, resilient and safe, 95

well-connected, 32

well-distributed, 112

well-located, 32, 112

housing policies, 106, 108

and age- and gender-responsive, 32

and the right to adequate housing, 31, 105

and urban an territorial planning strategies, 88

humanization (of cities), 26

human rights, 26, 28, 126, 155, 158

international human rights treaties, 12

human settlements. See cities and human settlements

hunger. See also food security; nutrition; poverty

end, 5, 123

hygiene, 119, 120. See also health

I

implementation. See means of implementation; United

Nations system

incentives

and transition from informal to formal economy, 59

performance-based incentives, 135

income, 46. See also low-income groups

and data collection, 104, 157, 159

and housing options for different income groups, 33

income-earning opportunities (access to), 56, 57

middle-income countries, 19

mixed-income development, 106

mixed-income housing, 114(b)

security, 59

indigenous peoples, 1. See also local communities

and cultures and languages, 38

and dissemination of knowledge, 125

and protection of traditional expressions and

languages, 125

contributions of, 42

discrimination of, 20, 134

empowerment of, 155

engagement of, 125

participation of, 1, 48, 148, 155

potential of, 57

rights and needs of, 34

strengthen skills and abilities of, 155

industry/ies

creative, 60

cultural, 60

inequality/ies

decreasing, 136

eliminating, 120

growing, 3, 25

reduce, 5

infill. See also density

and planned urban extensions, 97, 51

informal economy, 13(d), 58, 59

informal local markets and commerce, 100

informal settlements, 27, 54, 77. See also slum and

informal settlement dwellers ; slums and informal settlements;

information and communications technology/ies. See also

consultations; data; governance, e-governance;

innovation; participation; technology

accessible to the public, 156

access to, 34, 36

development of national policies, 156

use of, 92, 160

infrastructure, 2, 25, 65, 114(a), 121. See also basic

services; transport infrastructure, pedestrian infrastructure

accessible, 52, 119

and best practices, 137

and drivers of cost and resource efficiencies, 44

and land in central and consolidated areas of cities, 106

and strengthening the resilience of cities and human

settlements, 77

climate finance infrastructure solutions, 143

communication, 50

cultural infrastructures, 38

cycling, 118

development and management of, 91

mobility, 118

physical and social, 14(a), 34

providing access to, 95

quality services, 13(a)

resilience-based and climate-effective design, 101

resilient, 45

social, 55

sustainable regional infrastructure projects, 96

territorial, 141

urban, 120, 144

well-connected, 52

inhabitants, 11, 13(b), 27. See also citizens; population/s

and climate change adaptation and mitigation, 64, 79

and participatory approaches, 97

and resilience, 80

and risk management, 78

and service provision, 70

and smart-city approach, 66

urban, 3, 80

innovation/s. See also creativity; research; technology

and business environment, 45, 58, 133

and cooperation on science and technology, 150

as means of implementation, 126

leveraging the benefits of, 14(b)

nature-based innovation (in urban and territorial

planning and policies), 157

promotion of, 60

strengthen of, 40

technological innovations (for planning and

governance tools), 94, 156

technology-based innovations in transport and transit

systems, 118

intermediate cities, 95. See also cities and human

settlements

institutions, 15(c)(ii), 77, 104, 147

academic, 48. See also academia

financial, 82, 140, 142, 143

insurance and reinsurance, 144

local, 40, 47

research, 148, 149

integrated urban and territorial development, 13(e), 15(a),

43, 86, 101

and different scales of cities and human settlements, 95

and infrastructure, 119

integration

across levels of government and functional areas, 47

in the urban space, 14(a)

of “build back better” principles in post-disaster

recovery, 78

of food security and nutrition in urban and territorial

planning, 123

of new neighborhoods into the urban fabric, 52

resource allocation and spatial integration, 136

social integration sectors, 32

socioeconomic integration and housing, 33

interactions

among urban areas and with their rural

surroundings, 50, 96

intergenerational, 13(b)

social and cultural, 2, 13(b), 95

intimidation, 39. See also violence

investment/s. See also Climate Investment Funds;

foreign direct investment; private investment/s; public

investment/s

adequate, 38, 119

age-responsive, 13(f)

and catalyzing effects, 132

and growth and job creation, 133

and quality public spaces, 53

and responsible business environment, 58

and value capturing, 137

gender-responsive, 13(f)

in communities, 29

local, 138

on cultural infrastructure and knowledge, 38

on infrastructure, social and basic services, 29, 119

on risk prevention and resilience, 78

on urban and metropolitan infrastructure, 144

on urban mobility, 13(f)

Istanbul, 3, 6, 7

Istanbul Programme of Action for the Least Developed

Countries for the Decade 2011-2020, 6. See also least

developed countries

J

job/s, 114(b), 133. See also employment; work

decent jobs, 2

and productive, 60

creation of, 14(b)

new, 62, 75

K

knowledge, 56, 117, 125, 157, 159, 160. See also

academia; community, scientific and academic; data; institutions, academic; research

exchange, 150

knowledge-sharing, 126

normative knowledge of UN-Habitat, 129

traditional, 38

L

labour force, 56. See also employment; trade unions; work/

workers

land, 71, 76, 105, 138. See also land use

administration and management, 156

and the use of public resources, 106

community land trusts, 107

continuum of land and property rights, 35

ecological function of, 13(a), 69

inventory, 104

land-based finance, 137

land-based revenue, 152

market regulations, 137

registration, 104

serviced, 34

social function of, 69

speculation, 14(b), 137

tenure, 14(b), 35

value, 104, 137, 152

land-sea. See also sea

accessible transport systems, 114

connections, 50

landfills, 74

landlocked developing countries, 6, 19

landscapes, 124. See also heritage

urban, 67

land use

and sectoral policies, 88

and land-based finance, 137

by-laws and ordinances, 111

ecological and social function of land, 69

efficient and sustainable, 98

sustainable, 14(c)

sustainable management, 49, 51, 104

transport and land-use planning, 114(c)

languages. See also culture; heritage

promote and safeguard indigenous, 38

protection of traditional, 125

law

humanitarian, 30

international, 12, 84

leadership. See also empowerment of women

of women and girls, 13(c), 90

learning. See also education; knowledge

peer-to-peer, 149

mutual, 146, 162

least developed countries, 6, 19

leave no one behind, 14(a)

legal barriers, 34

legal frameworks, 89, 90, 139

legal mechanisms, 41

legal requirements, 104

legislation

and local governments’ administrative and

management structure, 91

and partnerships’ support, 21

and road safety, 113

and sustainable urban development, 15(b)

and the New Urban Agenda implementation, 17

and the New Urban Agenda implementation progress

report, 167

and the “right to the city”, 11

and the social production of habitat, 31

and the strengthening of subnational and local

governments’ capacity, 90

and the transition to the formal economy, 59

life. See also quality of life

urban, 28, 39

livelihoods, 13(a), 45, 59. See also employment

livability, 14(a), 40, 114(d)

living conditions. See also quality of life

of homeless people, 33

of slum and informal-settlement dwellers, 110

local authorities. See also local governments; municipal

(level); subnational and local governments

and capacity development for risk reduction and

response plans, 101

and decentralization, 85

and evidence-based and practical guidance for the

implementation of the New Urban Agenda, 128

and migration, 28

and resilience, 77

local communities. See also indigenous peoples

and access to infrastructure, 34

and capacity development, 148

and cultural heritage, 125

and developing local solutions for crisis-affected

persons in urban settings, 29

and employment, 57

and governance processes, 155

and revenue base, 134

and stakeholders’ dialogue interface, 42

and prevention of violence, 103

discrimination of, 20

participation of, 1

local governments. See also governments; local authorities;

subnational and local governments

administrative and management structures of, 91

and contractual relationships with transport and

mobility providers, 116

and involvement in national consultations, 149

and land inventory information, 104

and urban economy, 48

and women’s participation and decision-making, 90

as active partners in the follow-up and review of the

New Urban Agenda, 163

associations, 148, 149, 169

local level, 163. See also global, regional, national,

subnational and local levels; national, subnational and local levels; subnational and local levels

localization

of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 9

location

and data collection, 104, 157, 159

geographic location, 104, 157, 159

of public facilities, 101

of UN-Habitat headquarters, 170

low-income groups. See also poverty

and housing needs, 112

and housing supply, 31, 107

M

major groups, 128, 162. See also General Assembly of

Partners; stakeholders

malaria, 14(a). See also disease; health

malnutrition, 123. See also food security; hunger; poverty

mandate

and financial transfer from national to subnational and

local governments, 135

normative and operational mandate of

UN-Habitat, 172(a)

of UN-Habitat, 165

mapping, 159

marginalization, 52

markets, 95, 100

municipal debt, 139

marriage

early, 39

forced, 39

materials, 70, 71, 76

means of implementation,

of the New Urban Agenda, 81, 126, 130

of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and

the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, 127

men, 42, 61. See also boys; gender; gender-responsive;

youth

metals, 76. See also materials

metropolitan level. See also local authorities; peri-urban

areas; subnational and local governments; urban areas

access to services, 156

administrative tasks, 96

governance, 90

investments in infrastructure, 144

territorial planning, 96

transport and mobility plans, 117

transport and mobility services, 116

transport schemes, 115

middle-income countries, 19

migrants. See also migration, refugees

and discrimination, 20, 42, 57

and respect of human rights, 28

associations, 48

positive contribution of, 28

rights and needs of, 34

workers, 59

migration. See also migrants

international, 28

policies, 28

safe, orderly and regular, 28

status, 42

and data collection, 104, 157, 159

and discrimination, 20

Millennium Development Goals, 3

Millennium declaration, 12

minerals, 76. See also materials

mitigation

financial risk mitigation mechanisms, 139, 145

of climate change, 13(g), 63, 79, 101, 143

plans, policies, programmes and actions, 143

mix. See also income, mixed-; mixed uses

of jobs and services, 114(b)

social, 99

mixed uses, 51, 98

mobility. See also connectivity; transport; transport

infrastructure; transport systems

access for all, 13(a), 34, 114

age-responsive, 13(f)

and connectivity, 50

and road safety, 113

challenges, 98

cycling, 113

gender-responsive, 13(f)

inefficient, 54

infrastructure and systems, 118

options, 114

plans/planning, 113, 114, 114(c), 117, 119

policies, 88, 116

services, 116

mobilization, 128, 169

of resources, 126, 132, 145

moneylenders and microfinance banks, 140. See also

finance

monitoring

community-based monitoring processes, 159

of slums and informal settlements, 110

processes of subnational and local governments, 151

monuments. See also heritage

architectural, 125

mortality (child and maternal), 55

motorcycle. See also road safety

safety and deaths, 113

multi-stakeholder partnerships. See partnerships

multilateralism (multilateral). See also Multilateral

Investment Guarantee Agency

environmental agreements, 82

financial institutions, 82, 140, 142

funds, 143

organizations and processes, 167

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, 139

multilevel consultation mechanisms, 87

municipal (level). See also decentralization; local

authorities; local governments; local level; subnational and local governments

administrative tasks, 96

inter-municipal cooperation, 96, 149

municipal finance. See also fiscal decentralization

and local fiscal systems, 15(c)(iv)

and municipal borrowing, 139

and municipal debt markets, 139

strengthen of, 15(c)(iv)

museums, 38

mutilation. See female genital mutilation

N

national, subnational, and local levels. See also global,

regional, national, subnational and local levels

and housing, 46, 111

and natural and cultural heritage, 38

and policy frameworks, 81

and transport, 115, 117

and urban planning and design training, 102

contributions to the follow-up and review of the New

Urban Agenda, 162

strengthening data and statistical capacities at the, 158

natural resources, 2, 49

management of, 65, 88

use of, 51, 76, 98

nature. See also ecosystem/s; environment

harmony with, 14(c)

nature-based innovations, 157

nature-based solutions, 101

neighborhoods, 52

networks

accessible local markets and commerce, 95

co-production, 154

of practitioners, 149

of streets and public spaces, 67, 100

technology and communication, 50

noise, 54, 67, 71

non-discrimination, 89, 126

non-governmental (actors and organizations), 29, 103. See

also civil society

not-for-profit (community initiatives), 100. See also civil

society; non-governmental (actors and organizations)

nutrition, 13(a), 88. See also food, security; hunger;

malnutrition

enhancing, 14(a)

improving, 67

nutritional needs, 123

systems, 95

O

obligations

human rights, 158

mutual, 116

occupation. See also territory/ies

under foreign, 19

oceans, 71. See also coastal areas; sea

official development assistance, 145

older persons. See also age; age-responsive

and access to information and communications

technologies, 156

and decision making, 148

and discrimination, 20

and governance processes, 155

and revenue collection, 134

and road safety, 113

and service provision, 34

and stakeholders’ dialogue interfaces, 42

open defecation, 119. See also sanitation

ordinances, 111

ownership

principle of national ownership, 132

sense of, 13(b)

P

paints and coatings

lead-additive-free, 76

paradigm shift (urban), 15, 24

parks, 37. See also public spaces

Paris Agreement, 6, 79. See also climate change

parliamentarians, 1. See also decision-makers (decision

-making); policy makers

participation, 1, 9, 114, 155, 156

and cultural heritage, 125

of communities and stakeholders, 26, 31, 41, 48, 72

of financial institutions, 140

of homeless people, 33

of women, 90, 13(c)

of youth, 61

political, 13(b)

public, 14(a), 138

social, 38

partnerships, 21, 126, 154, 162, 169

and UN-Habitat work, 172(c)

multi-stakeholder, 15(c)(i), 153

subject-matter-related, 149

urban rural, 96

passengers, 13(f). See also transport systems

pattern/s. See consumption and production patterns

peace (peaceful), 13 (b), 37, 40

pedestrian infrastructures, 118. See also public spaces;

safety, pedestrian; sidewalks; walkability

peer learning, 149. See also knowledge; learning

people, 13(f), 43, 100, 112, 160. See also indigenous

peoples; homeless persons/people; persons in

vulnerable situations; persons with disabilities

dignity of all people, 40

diversity of people and cultures, 37

energy and transport needs, 54

living in slums, 110

people-based definition of cities and human

settlements, 158

people-centered, 15(c), 16, 26

performance

and compliance review, 151

building performance codes and standards, 121

performance-based incentives for financial transfers

from national Governments to subnational and local governments, 135

peri-urban (areas), 50, 73, 114(c), 123. See also peri-

urban and rural (areas); urban, peri-urban and rural areas

peri-urban and rural (areas), 50, 96, 114(c). See also urban

and rural (areas); urban, peri-urban and rural areas;

urban-rural (areas)

persons, 12, 65, 107. See also homeless persons; older

persons; persons in vulnerable situations; persons with

disabilities

crisis-affected, 29

internally displaced, 20, 28, 42, 57

persons in vulnerable situations

and road safety, 113

and violence, 39

and water and sanitation, 119

persons with disabilities

and capacity development, 148, 155

and discrimination, 20

and employment, 57

and housing policies, 31

and ICT policies, 156

and participation, 42, 48

and physical and social infrastructure, 34, 36

and revenue base, 134

and road safety, 113

planet

protection of, 16, 26

planning, 41, 117, 129. See also urban planning; urban

and territorial planning

age and gender responsive, 13(f)

and national, subnational and local housing policies, 31

and risk, 78

and urban renewal, 52

family, 34

financial, 151

food system, 51

freight, 114(d)

infrastructure, 113

integrated, 94

land use, 114(c)

medium-to long-term adaptation planning process, 80

mobility, 114(c)

participatory, 81, 105

planning guidelines, 153

planning instruments, 50, 124

planning regulations, 111

spatial, 77

strategic, 83

plans, 94

adaptation, 80

age-and gender-responsive, 77

city-region and metropolitan, 96

climate change adaptation and mitigation, 143

community energy, 121

disaster risk reduction and response, 101

integrated development, 86

master, 124

transport and mobility, 114, 117

urban and territorial development, 95, 114, 119, 124

urban development, 15(c)(ii)

platforms

digital, 156

for consultation and cooperation, 92

for the New Urban Agenda follow up and review at local

level, 163

for the New Urban Agenda implementation progress

report inputs gathering, 167

for participation, 41

open, user-friendly and participatory data, 160

pluralism, 40. See also tolerance

policy/ies. See also housing policies; urban policies

and capacity development, 81

climate change adaptation and mitigation, 143

coastal management, 124

development, 25, 124

food security and agriculture, 123

gains-related fiscal, 137

ICT policies and e-government strategies, 156

land, 105

land-use, 104

migration, 28

mobility, 88, 116

national urban, 89

on multi-stakeholder partnerships, 153

on subnational and local government revenue

collection, 134

policy frameworks, 81, 89, 117

public, 132, 147

public procurement, 121

public security and crime and violence prevention, 103

resilience, 77, 80

science-policy interfaces, 157

science-policy interface practices, 149

sectoral, 88

territorial development, 95

urban and territorial, 38, 92

policy makers, 89, 152. See also governments;

parliamentarians

pollutants. See also pollution

climate, 71

pollution, 63, 118. See also pollutants

air, 54, 64, 65, 119

marine, 74

polycentrism, 51, 98

polycentric territorial development policies, 95

pooled financing mechanisms, 139. See also finance

poor/the poorest, 54, 57. See also low-income groups;

poverty

and food security, 123

and the informal economy, 59

and transit oriented development, 114(b)

countries, 145

local revenues and poor households, 134

solidarity for the poor, 126

population/s. See also people; programmes; Programme of

Action of the International Conference on Population

and Development

ageing, 62

densities, 52

local, 144

movement of, 28

quality of life, 62

registers, 159

urban, 2, 62

post-disaster recovery, 78. See also recovery

poverty. See also low-income groups; poor/the poorest

dimensions of, 5, 14(a), 25, 63

ending, 5, 14(a), 63

eradicating, 25

extreme, 14(a), 25

forms of, 3, 5, 14(a), 25, 63

persistence of, 3

practices, 17. See also best practices; professionals

and the transition to the formal economy, 59

harmful practices against women and girls, 39

science-policy interface, 149

spatial development, 72

practitioners, 1

networks of, 149

President of the General Assembly, 173

prevention

conflict, 109

of crime and violence, 103

of injuries and diseases, 113

of slums and informal settlements formation, 109

principles

“build back better” principles, 78

for a New Urban Agenda, 14

for housing policies, 106

for integrated urban and territorial planning, 98

for partnerships and cooperation, 126

of common but differentiated responsibilities, 18

of environmental sustainability, 58

of equality and non-discrimination, 89

of International Guidelines on Decentralization and

Strengthening of Local Authorities and the

International Guidelines on Access to Basic Services for All, 85

of International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial

Planning, 93

of the Charter of the United Nations, 12

of the Rio Declaration on Environment and

Development, 18

privacy

individual, 116

privacy rights, 158

private investment/s, 53, 132, 133. See also private sector

private sector. See also business; private investment

and coordination of the urban and rural development

strategies and programmes, 82

and funding sources, 141

contributions from, 141

cooperation with, 149

inputs in the report of the implementation of the New

Urban Agenda, 167

invest in affordable and incremental housing, 140

participation of, 1, 48, 139

partnerships, 91, 126

developing and manage basic services and infrastructure, 91

for resilience-building efforts, 139

private space/s, 13(c). See also public space/s; space/s

procurement, 116, 138, 151. See also tendering processes

production, 123. See also consumption and production

patterns

consumption and production, 95

co-production, 41, 154

social production of habitat, 31, 46

productivity, 13(d), 14(b), 50

and affordable and sustainable housing, 46

and drivers of cost and resource efficiencies, 44

and high-value-added sectors, 60

and labour force, 56

and youth, 61

major drivers of, 133

sustainable economic, 96

product/s. See also goods

and affordable housing finance, 140

and efficient access, 114(d)

design, 122

professionals, 1, 48, 149. See also practitioners

service delivery, 99

training of, 99

programmes, 80, 81, 143

capacity development, 149, 151, 152, 156

for implementing the New Urban Agenda, 142

for upgrading slums and informal settlements, 107

housing, 108

Istanbul Programme of Action for the Least Developed

Countries for the Decade 2011–2020, 6

Programme of Action of the International Conference

on Population and Development, 6

sustainable urban development, 112

urban and rural development, 82

United Nations, 128

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

(UN-Habitat), 85

Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked

Developing Countries for the Decade 2014–2024, 6

property

public, 138

registration, 104

rights, 35

value, 53, 137

protection

environmental, 15(ii), 44, 106

legal and social, 59

of traditional expressions of languages, 125

providers

ecosystems’ providers of resources, 68

of capacity development, 149

transport and mobility service, 116

proximity

and housing, 32

of resources and goods and service provision, 70

public investments, 53, 132, 137

public spaces. See also parks; space/s; street/s

access to, 36

accessible 13(b),37, 53, 67, 100, 109

and affordable housing, 99

and crime and violence, 13(c), 100

and slum upgrading and prevention, 109

as a driver for socio economic development, 53

as a priority for cities and human settlements, 13(b)

as a priority in urban extensions and infill, 97

for all, 99, 100

for cities’ resilience improvement, 67

friendly for families, 13(b)

green, 13(b),37, 53, 67, 109

inclusive, 13(b),37, 53, 67, 109

multifunctional, 37

multipurpose, 67

networks of, 67

open, 67

promotion of, 37

quality, 13(b),37, 53, 67, 109

safe, 13(b),37, 53, 67, 109

well-connected, 67

well-distributed, 67

Q

quality of life, 3, 11, 65. See also living conditions

and financing instruments, 118

and integrated planning, 94

and urban and metropolitan transport schemes, 115

of the urban population, 62

R

rail. See transport

real estate

market, 152

speculation, 137

race, 42, 104, 157, 159. See also ethnicity

reallocation

dignified and adequate, 107

recovery. See also post-disaster recovery; restoration

safe material, 76

recycling, 74, 76, 122

refugees, 20, 28, 42, 57. See also migrants; migration

regeneration

ecosystem, 71

urban, 97

regularization (of tenure), 109

regulations (regulatory)

enforceable, 111

land market, 137

planning, 111

regulatory frameworks, 86, 91, 139

rehabilitation/rehabilitating, 77

and revitalizing urban areas, 38

of water resources, 73

religion, 42

renewable portfolio targets, 121

report

on the New Urban Agenda implementation

progress, 166, 167, 168, 175

on UN-Habitat assessment, 172, 173

reporting

capacity of subnational and local governments, 151

United Nations system wide reporting on sustainable

urban development, 83

research. See also academia; community, scientific and

academic; innovation; institutions, academic; science

and knowledge exchange, 157

and urban economy, 60

institutions, 148, 149

resilience (resilient), 5, 63

and circular economy, 71

and design of spaces, 101

and disasters and climate change, 67

and drivers of cost and resource efficiencies, 44

and environmental sustainability, 14(c)

and environmentally sensitive areas, 68

and natural and human-made hazards, 13(g)

and urban spatial frameworks, 51

build(ing), 78, 79, 80, 139

building codes, 111

of cities and human settlements, 77

resource mobilization. See also financing

for sustainable urban and territorial development, 145

resources. See also natural resources

and access to different multilateral funds, 143

and subnational and local governments, 135

domestic, 132, 145

economic and productive, 14(b)

endogenous, 132

financial, 126, 136

for each level of government, 87

for transport, 68

human, 109

local, 45

proximity of, 70

public, 106, 145

resource efficiency, 13(d), 51, 76, 111

responsible use of, 10

sustainable management of, 71

sustainable use of, 14(c)

to manage critical urban, metropolitan and territorial

concerns, 90

use of, 63

water, 72, 73

responses/responsiveness,

to disasters and conflicts, 78

to natural and human-made hazards, 13(g)

responsibility/ies, 125

civic, 156

common but differentiated, 18

extended producer-responsibility schemes, 122

of countries for its own economic and social

development, 131

of local governments, 91

restoration. See also recovery

of architectural monuments, 125

of ecosystem, 71

retrofitting

of buildings’ energy efficiency, 121

of housing stock, 77

of urban areas, 97

returnees, 20. See also migrants; refugees

reuse/reusing

of food waste, 125

of waste, 74

of water, 73

revenues. See also tax

adequate, 139

endogenous, 132

rights. See also human rights

equal, 12, 13(c), 14(a), 90

of women, 34

privacy, 158

property, 35

Right to Development, 12

Right to the city, 11

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 6

principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, 18

risk/s. See also disaster risk reduction

and climate change, 63

assessment, 65, 101

currency, 139

drought, 67

housing stock, 77

maps, 104

mitigation, 145

mitigation mechanisms, 139

risk-based approaches, 78

risk prone areas, 77

transfer mechanisms, 139

road safety. See also motorcycle safety; transport

and mobility and transport infrastructure planning and

design, 113

and pedestrian safety, 113

and urban and metropolitan transports schemes, 115

Decade of Action for Road Safety, 113

rural (areas). See also peri-urban and rural areas; urban-

rural linkages; urban and rural areas; urban, peri-urban

and rural areas

development, 88

S

safeguard

of cultural heritage, landscape, infrastructure and

sites, 38, 124

safety. See also road safety, security, violence

and housing, 111

challenge of, 2

in peaceful and pluralistic society, 13(b)

in the event of water-related disasters, 119

of those on vulnerable situations, 119

of women and girls, 119

promoting, 14(a)

strengthening, 40, 50, 99

urban, 103

SAMOA Pathway, 6

sanitation, 13(a), 88, 121. See also services; sewage

equitable and affordable access to, 34, 120

investments in, 119

utilities, 120

savings, 46

school. See also education

child journey to, 113

science. See also academia; community, scientific and

academic; practitioners; research

access to, 126

knowledge exchange on, 150

science-policy interfaces, 149, 157

sea. See also coastal areas; delta; land-sea; oceans; Small

Island Developing States; water

and management, 71

connections, 50

level rise, 64

transport systems, 114

security, 99, 103

of income, 59

of tenure, 14(b), 35, 109

sectors, 32, 50, 79, 101

economic, 46

end-use, 121

high-value-added, 60

segregation. See also discrimination; exclusion

preventing, 33, 107, 108

socioeconomic, 97

spatial, 3, 97

self-build schemes, 107

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030,

6, 77. See also resilience (resilient)

sense of belonging, 13(b)

services. See also basic services

accessible, 36, 52, 119

adequate, 29

age- and gender-responsive planning of, 13(f)

and disaster risk reduction, 101

and working poor, 59

ecosystem and environmental, 65, 68

energy, 121

health-care, 55

infrastructure, 120

mobility, 116

public, 55, 88, 96

quality, 13(a)

resilient, 30, 77

responsive to the rights and needs of those in

vulnerable situations, 34

transport and mobility, 54, 114(b), 114(d), 116

urban and metropolitan, 156

well-connected, 52

settlements. See also cities and human settlements; slums

and informal settlements

formal and informal settlements, 77

informal settlements, 54

sewage, 119. See also sanitation; services; waste

sex, 104, 157, 159. See also data, reliable disaggregated

data; gender

sexual and reproductive health-care services, 55. See also

health; health care

sexual harassment, 100. See also discrimination; gender;

violence

shelter, 144. See also housing

shocks, 77. See also resilience (resilient)

sidewalks, 37. See also public spaces; street/s

SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway, 6.

See also Small Island Developing States.

sites (cultural and architectural), 38, 125

skills. See also capacity development; training

and jobs, 56

and the working poor, 59

and youths, 61

of women, 155

slum and informal settlement dwellers. See also

inhabitants; local communities

discrimination of, 20

living conditions of, 110

quality of life of, 3

rising number of, 25

slums and informal settlements. See also slum and

informal settlement dwellers

and urban safety, 103

and vulnerability reduction, 77

reduction and prevention of, 109, 110

upgrading of, 77, 97, 107, 109

small and intermediate cities and towns, 95

small and medium-sized enterprises. See business;

cooperatives; enterprises

Small Island Developing States, 19, 64, 114 (c)

smallholder farmers and fishers. See also small-scale

farmers and fishers, 20

small-scale farmers and fishers, 95. See also farmers;

smallholder farmers and fishers

smart-city, 66

smart-grid, 121

social cohesion, 13(b), 25

and diversity, 40

and housing policies, 106

and transport, 50, 115

society/ies. See also civil society

all of society approach to risk prevention, 78

all segments of, 42

and participation, 33

and peaceful coexistence, 40

healthy, 55, 57

heterogenous, 40

multicultural, 40

participatory, 37

pluralistic, 13(b)

solidarity, 58, 126

solutions, 29, 119, 146, 154

accessible data, 92

climate finance infrastructure, 145

cooperative, 107

ecosystem based, 69

environment responsive, 35

nature based, 101,

to housing needs, 112

to climate and disaster risks, 144

urban, 146, 162

space/s. See also public space

design of, 25, 101

multiple use, 98

private, 13(c)

urban, 14(a), 25

speculation

and housing, 111

and land, 14(b), 137

of real estate, 137

preventing, 14(b), 111, 137

sprawl (urban). See also slums and informal settlements

containing, 69, 97

preventing of, 52, 69, 97, 98

squares, 37. See also public spaces; streets

stakeholders, 1. See also civil society; General Assembly of

Partners; partnerships

and capacity development, 147

and climate change, 79

and data, 160

and follow-up and review of the New Urban Agenda,

128, 162, 167

and housing policies, 31

and integrated approach to sustainable urbanization,

82

and land, 104

and local economic development, 47, 48

and participatory planning, 97

and partnerships, 21, 42, 169

and resilience, 77

and the implementation of the New Urban Agenda,

16, 23, 154

and the work of UN-Habitat, 172(c)

and urban governance, 15(c)(ii)

and urban policies, 15(b)

and water resources, 72

standards, 31

and housing, 111

for risk levels, 65

of energy efficiency, 121

states, 84, 128

Small Island Developing States, 19, 64, 114(c)

statistical capacities, 158. See also data

stigmatization, 103. See also discrimination

storage

of food, 123

of water, 73

storms, 64. See also weather

dust and sand storms, 64

strategies

active inclusion, 108

disaster risk reduction, 65

e-government, 156

integrated development, 86

national, subnational and local development, 105

of the International Guidelines on Decentralization

and Strengthening of Local Authorities and the International Guidelines on Access to Basic Services for All, 85

planned urban extension, 51

slums and informal settlements prevention, 109

spatial development, 52

urban, 103, 124, 130

urban and rural development, 82

urban and territorial development, 15(c), 158

urban and territorial planning, 88, 93, 99

street/s, 37, 100. See also public spaces; squares

street-level, 100

subnational and local governments. See national,

subnational and local governments; World Assembly of

Local and Regional Governments

and capacity development, 117, 149

and climate change adaptation and mitigation plans,

143

and expenditure control instruments, 138

and financial planning and management, 151

and financial transfers, 135

and local energy infrastructure, 121

and metropolitan multilevel governance, 90

and revenue base, 134

and stakeholders’ dialogue interface, 42

contributions of, 8, 15(b)

participation of, 1

subnational and local levels. See global, regional, national,

subnational and local levels; national, subnational and

local levels

subsidence, 64. See also hazard/s

subsidiarity, principle of, 89, 105

supply

of energy, 54, 75

of housing, 33, 105, 107, 111

of resources and land, 49

of services, 70

supply chains, 71

sustainability, 2, 63, 95, 111. See also environmental

sustainability

challenges, 70

fiscal and debt, 143

sustainable development. See also 2030 Agenda for

Sustainable Development

and businesses, 133

and challenges, 3, 63

and culture, 10

and dimensions of, 24

and poverty, 25

and the role and expertise of UN-Habitat, 165

and urbanization, 4, 5, 9, 15(a), 22

high-level political forum on, 168

Sustainable Development Goals, 6. See also 2030 Agenda

for Sustainable Development

Goal 11, 9

urban dimension of, 128

sustainable urban and territorial development, 15(a), 148.

See also sustainable urban development

and international public finance, 145

and sustainable economic growth, 43

and the implementation of the New Urban Agenda, 86

sustainable urban development, 132, 150. See also

sustainable urbanization

achieve, 23, 131

and capacity development, 147

and coordination and coherence within the United

Nations system-wide, 83

and cultural heritage, 125

and financing frameworks, 130

and UN-Habitat, 129

commitment to, 9, 22

contribution to, 146

implementation of, 112, 158

participation, 139

potential of, 24

urban policies and legislation for, 15(b)

value generated by, 15(c)(iv)

sustainable urbanization. See also sustainable urban

development; urbanization

goals and targets to, 167

integrated approach to, 82

UN-Habitat as a focal point for sustainable

urbanization and human settlements, 165, 171

system/s. See also transport systems;

administrative, 35

energy, 121

financial, 104, 135

fiscal, 15(c)(iv), 137

food security and nutrition, 95

geospatial information, 156

information and communication, 36

integrated, 15(c)(i)

monitoring, 110

service provision, 119

territorial, 49

urban, 112

waste management, 122

water management, 120

T

targets, 9, 121, 167. See also Sustainable Development

Goals

tax/es

local, 134

technical capacity, 151. See also technology

technology. See also information and communications

technology/ies; innovation; research; science

and communications networks, 50

and mobility, 116

as means of implementation, 126

in transport and transit systems, 118

in urban and territorial planning, 157

knowledge exchange, 150

leverage innovations in, 94

Technology Facilitation Mechanism, 150

technological tools, 160

technological upgrading, 60

tendering processes. See also procurement

legislative control and public participation in, 138

tenure, 107

collective, 107

plurality of tenure types, 35, 150

rental and other tenure options, 107

security of, 14(b), 35, 109

territorial development. See also urban and territorial

development

integrated and balanced, 136

integrated, polycentric and balanced, 95

territorial planning. See urban and territorial planning

terrorism, 103

territory/ies

functional, 90, 96

subnational, 136

under foreign occupation, 19

Third International Conference on Financing for

Development. See Addis Ababa Action Agenda.

tolerance, 40

tools

and resources for each level of government, 87

digital, 156

for access to housing options, 107

for designing, planning and managing sustainable

urban development, 129

land-based revenue and financing, 152

of urban management, 137

social, 160

technological, 160

tourism, 60

town/s, 16, 28, 95. See also cities and human settlements;

village/s

trade

links across the urban-rural continuum, 95

measures, 84

trade unions, 48. See also employment; work/workers

training. See also capacity development; skills

for service delivery professionals and communities, 99

for urban planners at the national, subnational and

local levels, 102

transformation

economic, 46

structural, 13(d)

transit. See also transport; transport infrastructure;

transport systems

mass rapid-transit, 118

transit-oriented development, 114(b)

transition

from informal to formal economy, 13(d), 59

of workers and economic units to the formal

economy, 59

to a circular economy, 71

to higher productivity, 60

transparency. See also accountability

and e-governance, 160

in expenditure control in subnational and local

governments, 138

in finance mechanisms (transparent), 86

in financial planning and management (transparent

and independent oversight), 151

in procurement and regulation of transport and

mobility services, 116

in sustainable management and use of land and

property registration, 104

in systems for financial transfers from national

Governments to subnational and local governments, 135

in the follow up and review of the New Urban Agenda,

161, 162

in the systematic use of multi-stakeholder

partnerships in urban development processes

(transparent policies), 153

of data on spending and resource allocation, 136

transparent monitoring system, 110, 158

transport. See also connectivity; mobility; transport

infrastructure; transport systems

access to, 13(a)

and disabilities, 36

and energy, 121

and food, 123

and needs of all people, 54

and technology, 66

and urban deltas, 68

and urban-rural connectivity, 50

metropolitan, 115, 116, 117

motorized, 114(a)

national urban, 116

non-motorized, 114(a)

planning, 114, 114(c), 117

policies, 116, 123

procurement and regulation, 116

providers, 116

public, 36, 114(a), 121

transport infrastructure, 118. See also transport; transport

systems

and road safety, 113

sustainable and efficient, 54

urban and territorial, 141

transport systems. See also transit; transport; transport

infrastructure

air and rail, 118

integrated, 118

land and sea, 114

mass rapid-transit, 118

resource-efficient, 13(f)

transportation. See transport; transport infrastructure;

transport systems

travel. See also connectivity; mobility; transport

reduction of, 114(c)

trend/s

demographic, 63

transformative, 2

tuberculosis, 14(a). See also disease/s

2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 6, 83, 150.

See also Sustainable Development Goals

follow-up and review, 164, 168

localization of, 9

means of implementation, 127

U

United Nations, 128

Charter of the United Nations, 12, 84

General Assembly, 168, 174

71st session, 172, 173

72th session, 166, 173

President of the, 173

Resolutions, 170

Second Committee, 173

United Nations Conference on Housing and

Sustainable Urban Development. See Habitat III;

Habitat IV

United Nations Conferences on Human Settlements, 3

United Nations Conference on Sustainable

Development, 6

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

Change, 6, 79. See also Paris Agreement; climate change

United Nations Human Settlements Programme. See

UN-Habitat

United Nations system, 165. See also United Nations

and contributions in the follow-up and review of the

New Urban Agenda, 162, 167, 168

and enhancing coordination of urban and rural

development, 82

and system-wide coordination, 83, 168

and the implementation of the New Urban Agenda,

126, 171

UN-Habitat, 128, 167, 173

effectiveness of, 172

evidence-based assessment of, 172

financial capability of, 172(d)

focal point role, 165, 171

governance structure of, 172(b)

Governing Council resolutions, 85, 93

headquarter location of, 170

mandate of, 172(a)

normative knowledge of, 129

report coordination, 167, 168

work of, 172(c)

urban areas. See also peri-urban and rural (areas); urban

and rural (areas), urban, peri-urban and rural (areas);

urban-rural (areas)

and businesses, 133

and food policies, 123

and transport, 116

rehabilitating and revitalizing, 38

renewal, regeneration and retrofitting of, 97

synergies and interactions among, 96

urban and rural (areas), 36, 49, 136. See also urban, peri-

urban and rural areas

urban and rural development, 26, 82. See also urban and

rural (areas)

urban and territorial development. See also sustainable

urban and territorial development; urban and territorial

planning; urban development; urban planning

age- and gender-responsive, 101, 15(c)

and decision-making, 148, 155

integrated plans, 119

urban and territorial planning. See also sustainable urban

and territorial development; urban planning

age- and gender-responsive, 101

and integrated development plans, 119

and integrated food security and nutritional needs, 123

and integrated strategies, 88

and integrated transport and mobility plans, 114 See also mobility; transport

and participatory age-and gender-responsive

approaches, 92

departments, 117

international guidelines, 93

long-term and integrated, 15(c)(iii), 156

principles and strategies for, 93

processes, 72

sound, 65

urban development, 14(c). See also sustainable

development

challenges, 19

financial conditions for, 132

plans, 15(c)(ii)

potential disruptive impacts of, 124

processes, 137, 153

urban economy/ies

and contribution of the working poor, 59

and urban form, 44

competitive, 56

development, 48

innovative and competitive, 56

support to, 60

sustainable and inclusive, 14(b), 45

vibrant, 40, 45

urban extension, 52. See also infill

and adequate densities and compactness, 69

planned, 51, 97, 98

urban fabric, 32, 52

urban form, 15(c)(iii), 44

urban mobility. See mobility

urban planning, 137. See also planning

capacity for, 102

effective, 160

instruments, 51

strategies, 99

urban policies, 15(b), 15(c)(i), 86, 130. See also policy/ies

national, 89

national consultations on, 149

urban, peri-urban and rural (areas)

and food security, 123

and transport and land-use planning, 114(c)

and water resources, 73

urban-rural (areas). See also urban and rural (areas);

urban, peri-urban and rural (areas)

continuum, 49, 72, 95, 96

interactions, 50

linkages, 28, 71

partnerships, 96

urbanization

agglomeration benefits of well-planned, 14(b)

as a transformative trend, 2

capture of benefits of, 132

financing, 131

integrated approaches to, 88

opportunities of, 4, 13(d), 27

positive outcomes of, 15(c)(iii)

utilities

water and sanitation, 120

V

value

capture, 152

chain/s, 49, 58, 71, 95

creation, 125

economic, 53

equal, 13(c)

generated, 15(c)(iv), 137

increments, 152

land, 104, 137, 152

property, 53, 137

value-added, 13(d), 60

Vancouver, 3

Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing

Countries for the Decade 2014-2024, 6

village/s, 16. See also cities and human settlements; rural

areas; town/s

violence. See also crime; discrimination; harassment

against women and girls, 13(c)

and adequate housing, 31

and public spaces, 100

ending all forms of, 14(a), 26

prevention of, 103

urban, 99

without fear of, 39

vulnerability. See also persons in vulnerable situations

and urban safety, 103

to climate, 80

to natural and human-made hazards, 13(g)

to service supply disruptions, 70

W

walkability, 100, 114(a) (walking). See also accessibility;

mobility; public spaces

waste, 121

and adequate investments, 119

and food security, 123

disposal, 34, 122

management, 74

minimization of, 71

wastewater, 73, 74

water, 13(h), 64

and access to safe and affordable drinking water,

13(a), 34, 119, 120

and conservation and sustainable use of, 73

and food policies, 123

and infrastructure and service provision, 119

and local provision, 70

and sanitation utilities, 120

and sustainable planning and management of

resources, 71, 72, 88

pollution, scarcity and natural hazards, 64

storm water management, 119

waterfront areas, 37. See also public spaces; streets

waterways, 114(c). See also mobility; transport

weather

extreme, 64

well-being, 5, 14(a). See also health

and promotion of walkability and cycling, 100

and public spaces, 37

and urban and territorial planning, 65

women. See also empowerment of women; gender;

gender-responsive; girls; sex; women and girls

and contribution in the informal economy, 59

and effective participation and equal rights, 13(c),

48, 90

and employment, 57

and security of land tenure for, 35

and service provision, 34

and stakeholders’ dialogue interface, 42

young women as agents of change, 61

women and girls. See also children and youth;

empowerment of women; gender; gender-responsive; leadership; sex; youth

and access to information and communication

technologies, 156

and decision-making, 148

and discrimination, 20

and empowerment of, 5, 13(c)

and governance processes, 155

and revenue collection, 134

and road safety, 113

and service provision, 119

and stakeholders’ dialogue interfaces, 42

and violence, 39

wood, 76. See also materials

work/workers, 39. See also employment; trade unions

decent work, 13(c), 29, 56

for all, 14(b), 43, 57

workers, 20, 59

workers’ organizations. See trade unions

World Assembly of Local and Regional Governments, 8,

169. See also local governments

World Cities Day, 169

World Habitat Day, 169

World Health Organization, 55

World Humanitarian Summit, 7

World Summit for Social Development, 6

World Summit on Sustainable Development, 6

(2005) World Summit Outcome, 12

World Urban Campaign, 128

World Urban Forum, 167

Y

youth. See also age; age-responsive; boys; children and

youth; girls; women and girls

and access to education and skills development, 61

and employment, 57, 61

effective participation and collaboration, 48

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